Brazil - Limited Port Assessment
2.1.1 Brazil Port of Santos

Port Overview

The Port of Santos rests on the alluvial plain of Sao Vicente Island in the State of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Just a few feet above sea level, a tidal channel cuts the island off from the mainland, and concrete channels drain the swampy island to keep the Port of Santos dry. The city lies on both the island and the mainland. The city lies on the shores of a bay with a navigation channel dredged to 14.5 meters, max LOA for the channel is 220 meters. It has been discussed to increase the max LOA to 320 meters and increase the draft to 17 meters but due to environmental concerns, it has not been approved by the government.

Due to lack of space on Sao Vicente island which is the right-bank of Santos Estuary, new terminal investments are located on Santo Amaro Island on the left-bank of Santos Estuary where Guaruja City is located as well. DP World Santos is the exception, which is on Barnabe Island just next to Santo Amaro Island where Sandi and Diana Rivers meet and where further railway connection to Santo Amaro island also passes from.

Major cargo types handled by the Port of Santos include coffee, sugar, cotton, oranges, wheat, corn, soy, citrus juices and pulp, alcohol, paper, fertilizer, coal, and vehicles. The Port of Santos is Brazil's largest port, and is the largest port in South America. Today, the Port of Santos handles well over 120 million tons of cargo per year. Almost all of Sao Paulo's industrial base is located less than 200 kilometers (124.3 miles) from the Port of Santos. The Port of Santos' primary area of influence includes the States of Sao Paulo, Goias, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul. Its secondary hinterlands include the States of Bahia, Espirito Santo, Tocantins, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, and Santa Catarina. Please see below map.




Currently, there are 11 Grain & 5 Container Terminal Operators and they are mostly concessions. 

Port website:

Key port information may also be found at:

Please see the following link for Navigation Guidance: Navigational Notes Port of Santos

Port Location and Contact



Province or District

Sao Paulo

Nearest Town or City

with Distance from Port


0 (km)

Port's Complete Name

Port of Santos





Managing Company or Port Authority

CODESP (Companhia Docas do Estado de Sao Paulo) Sao Paulo State Port Authority

Management Contact Person

Luiz Fernando Garcia Da Silva (In the preparation period of this report Mr. da Silva was appointed as President for Paranagua Port Authority, currently new president for CODESP has not been appointed)

Wilson R. Pedroso – Civil Eng. / Commercial Manager

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures

Guarulhos International Airport (Cumbica)

Aerolineas Argentinas, AeroMexico, Air Canada, Air China, Air Europa, Air France, Alitalia, American Airlines, Avianca, Azul, Copa Airlines, Delta Airlines, Emirates, Etihad, Ethiopian Airlines, GOL, Iberia, KLM, LATAM, Lufthansa, Qatar Airways, Royal Air Maroc, South African Airways, Swiss Airlines, TAAG, TAP Portugal, Turkish Airlines, United Airlines

Port Picture


Photos from terminal visits and other study material can be accessed from following link: Brazilian Ports - Santos

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

Container Terminals

Primary comment would be Santos has an excess supply of container terminal capacity.

Brasil Terminal Portuario (BTP)

Located on the right-bank, based on 2017 figures, is the leading container terminal with 38.3% market share. TIL & APM Terminals JV. It is an authorised economic operator and is ISO 9001, IS0 14001, and OHSAS 18001 certified. The terminal is spread over 49 hectares and has a 1,108 meter-long wharf with 2,500,000 TEUs annual handling capacity. Main Shipping Lines: Maersk, MSC, CMA-CGM, Hapag-Lloyd and ONE.

Santos Brasil

(Concession: 1997-2022) Located on the left-bank, based on 2017 figures, container terminal with volumes only second to BTP with 33.9% market share. The company´s logistics structure includes two Bonded Industrial Logistics Centers (Santos and Guarujá) and a distribution centre in São Bernardo do Campo (in the greater São Paulo area), in addition to its own road transportation fleet. It has an area of 59.6 hectares, a 980-meter quay, and can handle 2,000,000 TEUs annual capacity. ISO 9001, IS0 14001 and OHSAS 18001 certified. Next to the container terminal they are operating biggest vehicle terminal in Brazil. Their other terminals are located at Vila do Conde, Imbituba. Hamburg Sud (Alianca) is their main shipping line.

DP World Santos

Located on left bank, based on 2017 figures, comes 3rd with 16.9% market share. DP World Santos (not a concession) was established through the acquisition of Embraport by the DP World Group (Dubai Ports World) in December 2017. The company is responsible for the operation of one of Brazil’s largest private port terminals, located on the left bank of the Port of Santos, in the State of São Paulo (SP). Located in a strategic area with access to sea, road and rail, DP World Santos has 653 meters of wharf, 207 hectares of terminal area and an annual capacity of 1.2 million TEUs. Log-in Logistica, ONE, Hapag-Lloyd, Mercosul are the major shipping lines.

Libra Container Terminal

Located on the right-bank, Libra comes 4th in 2017 figures with %10,2 market share. Libra Group has other container terminals in Rio de Janeiro and Imbituba.


Located on the right-bank, Ecoporto is a subsidiary of EcoRodovias Group. 175 hectares terminal area with capacity to handle 524,000 TEUs per year and 2017 market share is %0,08 so basically it is sitting empty and currently focusing on general cargo and project cargo operation. ISO 9001, IS0 14001 and OHSAS 18001 certified.

Grain Terminals

Almost all grain storages in Santos are horizontal silos, there are only 1-2 terminals with vertical silos. There is no crushing or processing in Santos Port Terminals, they are only for storing, loading and discharging.

ADM Terminal (Shed 39)

Located on the right-bank, 194,000 tons storage capacity, 13,7 meters draft, LOA 255 meters, 18 meters air draft, 38 meters beam, 200 meters belt length, loading rate 35,000 TPD, density 1020/1023.

Terminal Exportacao do Guaruja (TEG)

Located on the left-bank, Cargill & Louis Dreyfus consortium won the concession of the terminal for a period of 25 years, from 2009 to 2034. 90,000 tons storage capacity, 13,3 meters draft, LOA 230 meters up to 83,000 DWT, 18 meters air draft, 36 meters beam, 143 meters belt length, loading rate 35,000 TPD, density 1020/1023

Terminal Exportacao de Acucar do Guaruja (TEAG)

Located on the-left-bank, just next to TEG under same ownership and conditions. 110,000 tons storage capacity, 13.3 meters draft, KAMSARMAX up to 83,000 DWT, 16 meters air draft, 33 meters beam. 147 meters belt length, loading rate 25,000 TPD, density 1020/1023.

Terminal Exportacao Santos (TES)

Located on the right-bank, LDC Brasil (Cargill & Louis Dreyfus consortium) won the concession of the terminal in 2015 for a period of 25 years till 2040. 250,000 tons storage capacity, 14.5 meters draft, LOA 255 meters, 16 meters air draft, 38 meters beam, 155 meters belt length, loading rate 30,000 TPD, density 1020/1023. Important note: TES and Terminal 39 share the same berth in turns, very rarely they load same vessel together partially.

Terminal XXXIX

Located on the right-bank. Terminal 39 is J.V. of Caramuru Group (Grain Producer) and RUMO Group (Railway operator, logistics group). Port concession is finishing by 2025 and they are in negotiations with CODESP for an extension of 30 years till 2055. If confirmed, they will invest to increase terminal capacity from 135,000 tons to 260,000 tons. They are sharing same wharf with TES. In front of their terminal, Libra container terminal is blocking access to the sea and in new concession proposal, they aim to take over this area from Libra if approved and have their own berth separate from TES. Loading rate is 3000 TPH.

Terminal Integrator Luis Antonio Mesquita – formerly TUF (TIPLAM)

Located on the left-bank. Owned by VLI (railway and logistics group) which is a JV of Vale, Mitsui, FI-FGTS, Brookfield, TIPLAM specializes in discharge of sulphur, phosphate rock, fertilizers and ammonia. With new investment during recent years, they are now handling grain and sugar shipments. Following limitation information is only for grain and sugar operation. 197,000 tons storage capacity, 2 x LOA 230 meters, 13.2 meters draft, 18 meters air draft, 37 meters beam, 150 meters belt length, loading rate 40-50,000 TPD, density 1010/1014.

CUTRALE Terminal

Located on the left-bank. Orange Juice Producer, citrus and by-products terminal with also grain storage. 140,000 tons storage capacity, 13,7 meters draft, LOA 229 meters, 16 meters air draft, 38 meters beam, 160 meters belt length, loading rate 20-25,000 TPD, density 1020/1023.

G.G. Terminal (Terminal de Graneis do Guaruja):

Located on the left-bank. JV of ALL, Bunge and Amaggi. 240. 240,000 tons storage capacity, LOA 270 meters, 14.3 meters draft, 18 meters air draft, 46 meters beam, 180 meters belt length, loading rate 40-50,000 TPD, density 1020/1023.

COFCO (EX-NOBLE) Terminal 12A:

Located on the right-bank. 65,000 tons storage capacity, LOA 229 meters, 13,4 meters draft, 17,5 meters airdraft, 38 meters beam, 180 meters belt length, loading rate 30-35,000 TPD, density 1017/1020.


Located on the right-bank. Unlike most of the terminals in Santos, they are solely terminal operators, their storage type is silos. 100,000 tons storage capacity, LOA 230 meters (post-Panamax), 13,9 meters draft, 18 meters air draft, 38 meters beam, 160 meters belt length, loading rate 20-25,000 TPD, density 1017/1020.

RUMO Terminals 16&19

Located on the right-bank. 260,000 tons storage capacity, LOA 2 X 230 meters, draft 14-14.2 meters, 14,5-19 meters air draft, post-Panamax beam, 180 and 200 meters belt length, loading rate 35-40,000 TPD and 40-50,000 TPD, density 1017-1020.

COPERSUCAR Terminals 20&21

Located on the right-bank. 367,000 tons storage capacity, LOA 2 X 229 meters, draft 13.9 meters, air draft 18 and 15 meters, post-Panamax beam, 180 meters belt length, loading rate 30,000 TPD and 40,000 TPD, density 1017/1020.

Other Terminals



Port Performance

Currently, Wharfs 1 to 8 are not operational due to old infrastructure and structural problems.

Seasonal Constraints


Time Frame

Rainy Season


From (October) to (March) but varies a lot during last years, making it more difficult to foresee. Rain is the main operation disruption cause in Santos.

Major Export & Import Campaigns


From (July) to (September)

Other Comments


Handling Figures for 2017

Vessel Calls


Container Traffic (TEUs)


Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2017

Bulk (MT)


Break bulk (MT)


Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges

For information on port rates and charges, please see the following link:

CODESP (Santos Port Authority)

BTP Container Terminal:ública-2018.pdf

Santos Brasil Container Terminal:

DP World Container Terminal: and

Libra Container Terminal:

Ecoporto Container Terminal:

Berthing Specifications

Type of Berth


Length (m)

Maximum Draft (m)


Container Berth


3,826 M (BTP 1,108 M / SANTOS BRASIL 980 M / DP WORLD 653 METERS / LIBRA 1,085 M / ECOPORTO ?)

15 meters

  • BTP: 15 m
  • DP WORLD 14.2 m
  • LIBRA 13.3 m

Silo Berth


3766 m

13.2-14.5 m

Covering all grain terminals mentioned under port description section.

Berthing Tugs


Water Barges


For additional information please see:

General Cargo Handling Berths

Cargo Type

Berth Identification

Imports - Bagged Cargo

Mentioned Container Terminals

Exports - Bagged Cargo

Mentioned Container Terminals

Imports and Exports - RoRo

TEV and DEICMAR Terminals

Other Imports

Port Handling Equipment

The port equipment is managed privately either by stevedoring companies or by private terminal operators.



Total Quantity and Capacity Available

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage

Dockside Crane


Container Gantries


36 units

  • BTP (8 Super Post-Panamax)
  • SANTOS BRASIL (8 Super Post-Panamax)
  • DP WORLD (6 Super Post-Panamax)
  • LIBRA (11, of which 6 are Super Post-Panamax)
  • ECOPORTO (3)

Mobile Cranes




RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer)


Grain Elevator


  • 23 loading chutes
  • 2,400,000+ tons storage capacity
  • 20-50,000 TPD loading rate,
  • 147-200 meters belt length,
  • 14.4-19 meters air draft,
  • 33-46 meters beam.

Covering all grain terminals mentioned under port description section.





Container Facilities

Santos Port is the biggest port amongst Latin American countries and it harbours some of the most advanced and biggest container terminals in the region.  TIL & APM JV operates the BTP Terminal with highest market share. Santos Brasil which comes 2ND is the oldest operator in the port area and it is owned by a Brazilian Group. Number 3, DP World Santos has %100 ownership of DP World Group.


20-ft and 40-ft

Container Facilities Available


Container Freight Station (CFS)

More than 70,000 m2

  • BTP & Santos Brasil - 12,000 m2
  • DP World - 30,000m2
  • LIBRA - 8,329 m2
  • ECOPORTO - 16,000m2

Refrigerated Container Stations


Other Capacity Details


Daily Take Off Capacity
(Containers per Day)


Number of Reefer Stations
(Connection Points)

6,142 connection points

  • BTP - 1,582
  • Santos Brasil - 2,000
  • DP World - 1,000
  • LIBRA - 1,200
  • ECOPORTO - 360

Emergency Take-off Capacity


Off take Capacity of Gang Shift
(Containers per Shift)


Customs Guidance



You may find the Brazilian Customs Orientation document, which also applies for all other ports mentioned under this study in this link: Manual de Funcionalidades do Sistema Processos Digitais (e-Processo) no Portal de Atendimento Virtual (e-CAC).

Terminal Information

Multipurpose Terminal

DP World and Ecoporto are container terminals with higher focus on multi-purpose operation due to lower utilization of terminal capacity and space availability. DP World signed a long-term contract with Fibria and currently constructing a new berth and terminal area for cellulose shipments. Ecoporto is focused in project cargo. Deicmar and TEV are Ro-Ro terminals, TEV is one of the primary vehicle terminals in Brazil with 154,000 m2 area, 310 meters berth length, 8 ramps and 300,000 cars per year car capacity.

Grain and Bulk Handling

As mentioned under description of port companies section. There is no bagging facility, it is pure warehousing, loading and unloading operation. All terminals are connected to railway network and storages are mainly warehouses, very few are equipped with silos. Almost all major grain traders in the world are terminal operators in Santos.

Main Storage Terminal

Localfrio is the main temperature-controlled warehouse operator.

Guaruja Terminal 1:

  • 24,000 m³ of area;
  • 5,620 pallet positions;
  • 5 cold storage chambers with flexible temperatures;
  • 1 cold antechamber;
  • 6 isolated docks.

Storage Type

Number of Storage Facilities

Area (m2)

Bagged Cargo

As mentioned under CFS

As mentioned under CFS

Refrigerated Cargo


24,000 m3

General Cargo

As mentioned under CFS

As mentioned under CFS


Major part of the port operation is in the hands of terminal operators.

Hinterland Information


CODESP is promoting usage of 200 km of navigable river ways around Santos Port as a solution to road and railway connection bottleneck to the Sao Vicente and Santo Amaro Islands.


Current ongoing investment projects:

Avenida Perimetral Portuária in Santos - The works and services of readjustment of the Perimetral Avenue of the right-bank, in the section between channel 4 and Ponta da Praia, comprising the adaptation of the Mário Covas Júnior Avenues, known as Avenida Portuária, and Ismael Coelho de Souza, the so-called inner avenue is in progress. One of the main objectives of the work is to implement a set of two viaducts to avoid the road-rail conflict, solving a significant bottleneck between container and bulk traffic. With the implementation of this complex of viaducts, it will segregate the road traffic between vehicles of containers and grains and bran. The project also contemplates the transfer of the railway lines of access to the Export Corridor of Solid Bulk of Vegetal Origin, which now pass in the middle of the terminals.

Avenida Perimetral Portuária in Santos - 2nd port entrance - The functional project was revised by CODESP to adapt the use of the areas of influence, aiming at improving road access and solving the road-rail conflict in the Valongo region to provide an alternative port entrance and exit of vehicles in case of closing / blockade of Avenida Eng. Augusto Barata, in Alemoa.

Duplication of road access to Barnabé Island - Elaborated a functional project, Terms of Reference and budget worksheet for the contracting of an executive project to adapt road access to Barnabé Island, consisting of the implementation of a new lane with approximately 2,700 m extension and recovery / renovation of the existing lane with shoulder on both sides, thus allowing road access with two entrance lanes and two exit lanes. The project also includes the construction of a bridge over the Diana River with approximately 110 meters in length and a viaduct over the Sandi River with about 300 meters in length.

Avenida Perimetral Portuária in Guarujá - 2nd Phase - The project will ensure the segregation of traffic, and will significantly improve the movement of cargo, increasing the safety of urban traffic. The project also includes the construction of a cable-stayed bridge over the Cônego Domênico Rangoni Highway and the construction of a viaduct on Santos Dumont Avenue.


Main Railway Operators: MRS, VLi and RUMO.

The Port of Santos has an internal railway network with 100 kilometers of extension. This mode of transport accounts today for about 27% of the transportation of cargo handled in the Port of Santos. This participation has been increasing every year and intensified since the creation, in 2015, of a working group called "Master Plan of Baixada Santista", integrated by MRS, VLi and Rumo, where railroads deal with the investments required for resolution of problems verified in the rail accesses of Baixada Santista and terminals, unifying the operational procedures and the planning in the customer service in the short, medium and long term. The agribusiness loads are the most benefited using the railroad in the Port of Santos, because 53% are transported by this mode.

Revitalization of the rail network: Several interventions in the internal rail network of the Port of Santos were carried out to increase cargo receiving capacity, such as the revitalization of the permanent route which, among other actions, promoted the replacement of old rail lines with new ones with greater support capacity, allowing the arrival of loaded wagons with more goods and increasing traffic speed and operational safety, reducing the potential for accidents due to derailment.

Port Security

Separate container and grain terminals are lined along the coastal line of Sao Vicente and Santo Amaro Islands for kilometers so there is no unified port territory.  For container terminals, all have ISO certifications and DP World additionally has ISO 28001 certification. All gates are monitored, guarded, terminal area covered with fences. Grain Terminals are holding security very seriously as well. Terminal gates are guarded, monitored and terminal borderline is fenced and in case you need to access to wharf area then you need to have a prior authorization from CODESP to access a secondary gate patrolled by Santos Port Guard. The Port Guard, under authority of CODESP, is responsible for security and patrimonial surveillance, and its work extends to public port security actions, access control - people, vehicles and cargo, internal traffic, prevention and repression of illicit activities.

Port Guard has an operational staff of 400 members, distributed in two managements. The Intelligence and Security Department is responsible for the monitoring and control of accesses (ISPS Code) and for capturing information and data for forecasting and planning of actions, while the Security Operation handles the logistics of activities involving equipment, weapons, ammunition, vehicles and transit of vehicles in the Organized Port area.

Access control is performed through 37 gates distributed along the port docks, as well as 16 other surveillance points outside the so-called restricted areas.


ISPS Compliant


Current ISPS Level
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional)

Level 1

Police Boats


Fire Engines


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