2.1 Bhutan Port Assessment



Bhutan is a land-locked country and relies on the Kolkata Port in India for handling practically all of its sea freight imports. Since the port of Kolkata is located some 700 km away from Bhutan, a detailed assessment was not possible, and the information for this LCA has been based on the Nepal LCA (conducted in 2016). The Kolkata Port Trust manages two separate dock agglomerations - the Kolkata Dock System (KDS) and the Haldia Dock Complex (HDC). 

The Royal Government of Bhutan (RGOB) plans to construct one (mini-) dry port at Phuentsholing. The dry port is expected to be ready for operation by end 2019. This dry port is one of the three South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) project components with the Phuentsholing Thromde (Municipality). The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is funding the project with a grant. Once the mini-dry port is operational, congestion at the current customs clearing space is expected to be eased as most trucks will then be diverted to the dry port. Traffic congestion in Phuentsholing town is also expected to be lessened. With the dry port ready, a cargo area that will be able to accommodate more than 45 trucks would be in place. Sufficient space for customs clearance and other works related to import and export will also be available. The dry port will be connected via the second gate from the Bau Bazaar area in Jaigaon, which is expected to be ready soon. A bypass dubbed the Northern Bypass will also be constructed through the port.



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