1.2 Cambodia Regulatory Departments & Quality Control

General Department of Customs and Excise (GDCE)

Under the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the General Department of Customs and Excise (GDCE), as a member of the WCO since June 2011, has for mission to:

  • facilitate International trade and protection of the national economy and trade
  • collect and increase government revenues (duties, taxes, and other charges
  • ensure fair economic competition, sustain economic development and viability of Cambodia
  • enhance social safety and national security with prevention, surveillance and investigation of smuggling and other Customs offenses including drug trafficking and dumping of wastes etc.
  • compile trade statistics, analyse trade patterns, and provide recommendations to policy makers.

Importers and Exporters must provide additional documentation and authorization for items that the Royal Government of Cambodia has determined to be sensitive or that are monitored for trade purposes. They are listed as Prohibited and Restricted Goods. The Enforcement of the List of Prohibited and Restricted Goods was revised with the Sub-decree No. 17/ANK/BK dated 26 February 2020, effective from 1 April 2020.

As part of government effort to enhance trade facilitation and serve the business community better, Cambodia has launched the National Trade Repository (NTR) in late 2015 as ‘the official source for all regulatory information relevant to traders who wish to import goods into Cambodia or export to other countries.’ Its website, hosted by the Ministry of Economy and Finance on behalf of all line Ministries and Institutions, provides public access to all necessary trade information, including customs permits and duties and trade regulatory procedures and documentation requirements among others.

In the case where commodities have permission from the Council of Development for Cambodia (CDC), there shall be no need to request a permit from other competent ministries or institutions for import.

Council of Development for Cambodia (CDC)

The Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC) is an executive agency of the Royal Government of Cambodia that serves as the “Etat-Major” and the “One-Stop Service” of the Royal Government responsible for the rehabilitation and development, public and private investments, and the establishment and management of special economic zones. In addition to reviewing applications for investment incentives, the mission of the CDC is to promote and facilitate foreign and local investments.

Cambodian Rehabilitation and Development Board (CRDB)

The Cambodian Rehabilitation and Development Board (CRDB) is the “One-Stop Service” and the “Etat-Major” of the Royal Government that coordinates with development partners and NGOs who provide development assistance. CRDB also serves as a focal point in liaison with governmental institutions to manage development cooperation and partnerships in Cambodia. 

Ministry of Commerce (MOC)

The Ministry of Commerce’s (MOC) mission is to provide the public all trade-related services, diversify new markets, and continue implementing Cambodia’s trade policies for the great benefits of private sector development and Cambodian people’s interests. MOC undertook the formulation of its fourth- generation trade strategy called the Cambodia Trade Integration Strategy (CTIS) 2019-2023.

Cambodia is a member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) since 2004

On 09 March 2016 a joint declaration on “Setting formulas on retail price of gasoline in Cambodia” was signed by Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Economy and Finance, and Ministry of Mines and Energy. The declaration contains 11 clauses. It allows each gas station to set its retail prices in accordance with fluctuations of the international market by applying the formula set out in the announcement. The 5th Clause stipulates that all retail gas stations, who sell gasoline products categorized regular or premium gasoline, must sell at a price not exceeding the price determined by the formula.

Consumer Protection, Competition, and Fraud Repression Directorate General (CCF formerly CAMCONTROL)

On 16 March 2020, the Royal Government of Cambodia adopted the Sub-Decree No. 38 ANKr. BK. on the Organization and Functioning of the Ministry of Commerce (abrogate Sub-Decree No. 131 ANKr. BK dated 2014) and upgraded CAMCONTROL to Directorate General (abrogate Sub-Decree No. 59 ANKr. BK dated 2008).

CAMCONTROL changed name to Directorate General of Consumer Protection, Competition and Fraud Repression (CCF). Its mandate is to research, organize and establish policy and strategic planning related to the quality and safety of products and services for the sake of ensuring consumer protection and fair market competition. The department cooperate with the relevant authorities to curb and crack down on counterfeit goods and take measures against abuse of dominant market position and curtail threats to competition.

The CCF is composed of 6 (six) departments: (i) Department of General Affaires and Public Relation; (ii) Department of Technical Affaires; (iii) Department of Consumer Protection; (iv) Department of Laboratories; (v) Department of Competition Affaires; and (vi) Department of HALAL affaires.

Ministry of Health (MOH)

MOH is the government ministry responsible for governing healthcare, the healthcare industry, public health and health-related NGOs in Cambodia. The Ministry governs and regulates the activity of medical professionals, hospitals and clinics in the country.

The Ministry of Health, as lead technical agency, is responsible for planning and oversight of the health sector response following COVID-19 and the Minister of Health chair the Inter-Ministerial Committee, along with Secretaries of State.

Department of Drugs and Food (DDF)

Under MOH, the department of Drugs and Food (DDF) performs as inspector and analyse all composition of drugs before allowing issuance of import permit. A certificate of analysis from this department is required by the General Department of Customs & Excise to import any drugs in Cambodia.

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF)

The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries is delegated by the Royal Government to perform the guiding and administrative mission over the agricultural field of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The department of Plant Protection Sanitary and Phytosanitary (DPPSP) of MAFF is responsible of the implementation of plant quarantine under The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. As a member of WTO, Cambodia follow the rules laid down by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)

Ministry of Industry, Science, Technology, and Innovation (MISTI)

In January 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Handicraft (MIH) changed name to the Ministry of Industry, Science, Technology and Innovation (MISTI). In the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, two new department have been created: The General Department of Science, Technology and Innovation and the National Institute of Science, Technology and Innovation (NISTI).

Institute of Standards of Cambodia (ISC)

Under MISTI, the Institute of Standards of Cambodia (ISC) is the national standards body responsible for the preparation and publication of Cambodian standards and guidelines for products, commodities, materials, services and operations. All imported goods shall be compliant with Cambodia Industrial Standard and Quality & Safety Standard. of Cambodia.

Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME)

The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) prepare and implement policies, legal frameworks and regulations to govern the mining, oil and energy sectors in Cambodia since 2013.

The Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC) is an autonomous government agency created under the Electricity Law, responsible for regulating electricity services. It issues rules, regulations, and procedures; and provides monitoring, guidance, and coordination of operators in the energy sector—both suppliers and consumers—including requiring them to follow the policy, guidelines, and technical standards issued by the MME. The EAC as the regulator confirms whether the provision of services and the use of electricity are performed efficiently, qualitatively, sustainably, and in a transparent manner. All power service suppliers must be licensed by the EAC.

Electricité du Cambodge (EDC) is a state-owned and vertically integrated monopoly responsible for generation, transmission, and distribution. It is owned jointly by the MME and the Ministry of Economy and Finance.


Ministry of Post and Telecommunication (MPTC)

The Ministry of Post and Telecommunication of Cambodia (MPTC) promote effective network infrastructure connectivity and accessible services of Post, Telecommunications, and ICT sectors across the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The General Department of Customs & Excise request for an approval letter from the Ministry of Post and Telecommunication to support any import permit request of telecommunication equipment.

Three Autonomous entities are under MPTC:

  • Telecommunication Regulator Cambodia established in 2015 formulate the regulations, relating to the operation and provision of telecommunications network and services, in order to promote fair, efficient, and transparent competition in line with the Royal Government’s policy on the telecommunications sector.
  • Telecom Cambodia, state-owned broad network telecom operator since 2005
  • Cambodia Post, offers postal services domestically and internationally in Cambodia

Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT)

The Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT)

  • Prepare and monitor draft laws, guidelines and regulatory documents, National Policy and Strategic Plan of the Royal Government of Cambodia for the development of the Public Works and Transport sector, formulating master plan for land transport, railways, waterways, seas, seaports and logistics or other channels as allowed by the government.
  • Plan, manage and disseminate technical regulations, standards and technologies to ensure and evaluate the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, ports, railroads, rivers, seaside, ports, logistics and other related works related to public works and transport.
  • Handle Cambodia transport system and promote online public service including: Vehicle Registration, Driving License and Motor Vehicle Control. MPWT also control the road vehicle weight limit, including taking strict enforcement measures to protect roads, bridges or other transport infrastructure.
  • Develop human resources by encouraging research, technical research and the transfer of new technology for the development of the public transport sector.

As of March 1st, 2019, the former state Shipping Agency, Kampuchea Shipping Agency & Brokers (KAMSAB), was disbanded.

Secretariat of Civil Aviation (SSCA) 

The Secretary of State of Civil Aviation was elevated to the rank of Minister in 2018 (Previously reporting to the Minister of Public Works and Transport). The secretariat has the responsibility for regulation of the civil aviation. Development of civil aviation activity and the civil aviation infrastructure, such as the nation’s airports and air traffic management system, has moved forward in Cambodia, particularly in the last 15 years.

Ministry of Interior (MOI)

The Ministry of Interior of Cambodia is responsible for public administration throughout Cambodia's 25 capital city-provinces and 203 district/Khan/Municipality. The Ministry governs the Cambodian National Police and the administration of the law enforcement; including the police academy, police training, judicial police, anti-drug efforts, border police and prison administration.

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