1.1 Dominica Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters



Comments / Details



Drought warning during the first trimester 2015 and 2016. The island experiences a dry season from February to June


Yes 3 February 2017, Dominica was jolted by an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8 but there have been no reports of injuries or damages.


Yes As of August 2016 Zika virus has been identified in this country; no epidemic outbreak reported. Chikungunya epidemic outbreak on 2014.

Extreme Temperatures

No N/A


Yes Flooding associated with cyclone, storms or tropical depression rainfall.

Insect Infestation

No N/A


Yes Mudslides associated with cyclone, storms or tropical depression rainfall.

Volcanic Eruptions

Yes Nine of the Caribbean’s sixteen active volcanoes are located in Dominica. Two steam explosions (phreatic activity) in the Valley of Desolation in 1880 and 1997.

High Waves / Surges

Yes High vulnerability to Tropical Cyclones accompanied by large and destructive waves. Dominica's coastline is particularly prone to sea surge and sea level rise.


No N/A

High Winds


High vulnerability to Tropical Cyclones. The yearly hurricane season officially starts June 1 and ends on November 30.

Other Comments

See more information

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife



International Conflict

No N/A

Internally Displaced Persons

No N/A

Refugees Present

No N/A

Landmines / UXO Present

No N/A

Other Comments


For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Country Profile

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport


Storms or tropical depression rainfalls cause landslides or collapses of bridges, with partial interruptions of highways for short periods of time.

Secondary Road Transport


Many secondary roads can become impassable during hurricane season due to bridge damage and landslides.

Rail Transport


Air Transport


While air transport is often grounded during storm, most air transport options resume quickly and can be used to transport goods in affected areas.

Waterway Transport


Waterway transport may be affected during the hurricane seasons for short periods of time

Dominica experiences two main periods, a dry season from February to June and a hurricane season from June to November. The hurricane season presents prolonged and intense rain falls causing landslides and collapses of bridges, with partial interruptions of primary and secondary roads which contributes to the increase in transport rates and consumer prices.


Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling

Activity Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details



The island lacks of public and private storage facilities for storage of goods, especially for perishable items. There is no silos for products in bulk.


Jun-Nov The wet season affects the power and water supply lines, impacting in handling operations and restricting access of manpower.


Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response


Emergency response operates through the National Emergency Planning Organisation (NEPO) and the Office of Disaster Management (ODM) which provides the coordination and framework for emergency response. 

It has been identified the importance to work in conjunction with local communities in the management and coordination of disaster risk reduction through the existence of various community disaster organisations, district organisations, and the participation of community leaders. Some community groups have been equipped with relevant tools and equipment as part of the effort of an early response mechanism, given the topography of the country and resource constraint that could prevent the quick response from the authorities.  

Institutions and agencies such as DOMLEC, DOWASCO, St. John’s, Ambulance and Dominica Red Cross place heavy emphasis on community participation in the management of resources and mitigation and adaptation efforts. These communities serve in some cases as first responders who report incidents to the relevant authorities. The Local Government system has been leveraged in that respect and plays an integral role in the management of localised crisis situations with effective results in mitigation activities.  

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List. 

Humanitarian Community 

The international humanitarian community has increased their support and number of organizations present after Hurricane Maria hit the island.  Furthermore, sector groups have been established in order to coordinate with different partners around the island and provide effective solutions. 

Sector/Working Group contact list Dominica


Lead and co-lead


Telephone number

Camp Coordination & Camp Management (CCCM)

Glenroy Toussaint

+1 767 245 0658

Jan-Willem Wegdam

+1 767 245 3718


Melena Fontaine

+1 767 295 8879

Raul Rodriguez Choto

+1 767 315 9557

Emergency Telecommunications

Bennette Thomas

+ 1767 275 6246

Food Security & Livelihoods

Benjamin De Barros

+1 767 615 0516

Daniele Barelli*

+1 246 263 8968

Sam Carrette

+1 767 225 2403


Davis Letang

+1 767 266 3260

Dana van Alphen*

+1 246 266 8125


Luis Ayllon

+1 767 612 0917


Child Protection

Jemma Azille-Lewis

Nicole Toussaint

+1 767 245 2872

+1 767 265 0548

Paola Scelzi

+1 767 225 0280

Gender-based Violence

Melissa Morgan

+1 767 317 9992

Sajida Birhmani

+1 767 225 9664

[Social Protection]

Chris Turton*

+1 767 225 7925


Hilarian Jules


Dave Hampton

+1 767 225 4297


Dr. Martin Christmas

+1 767 617 2271

Bernard Ettinoffe


Iva James


Antonio Andres

+1 767 245 1754

Communications and Community Engagement WG

Natasha Greaves-Daniels  

+1 767 285 9238

Mental Health and Psycho-Social Support WG

Desiree Pemberton

+1 767 225 4600

*Not all in-country but included for communication purposes


For more information on humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.2 Humanitarian Agency Contact List



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