Tanzania, United Republic of
1 Tanzania Country Profile

Generic Information

Tanzania is the largest country in Eastern Africa and it is composed of varied landscapes comprising three physiographic regions, islands, coastal plains, the inland saucer shaped plateau and the highlands. The Great Rift Valley that runs from the north east of Africa through central Tanzania is another landmark that adds to the scenic view of the country. Tanzania has a varied geography, including deep and large freshwater and salt lakes, many national parks, and the Africa's highest point, Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 m).

Northeast Tanzania is mountainous and includes Mount Meru, an active volcano, Mount Kilimanjaro, a dormant volcano, and the Usambara and Pare mountain ranges. The west of those mountains is known as the Gregory Rift, which is the eastern arm of the Great Rift Valley. On the floor of the rift there are large salt lakes, including Natron in the north, Manyara in the south and Eyasi in the southwest. The rift also encompasses the Crater Highlands which includes the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Ngorongoro Crater. 

Lake Victoria in the northwest of Tanzania on the Kenya–Uganda border, is the largest lake in Africa and it constitutes the source of the Nile River. Situated on Lake Victoria, Mwanza is an important port gateway through the lake to Uganda and Kenya for the movement of people and freight.

In the southwest of Tanzania there is the Lake Tanganyika, separating the mainland of Tanzania from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). It is the second deepest lake in the world, after Lake Baikal in Siberia. Kigoma is the most important Tanzanian port on the Lake Tanganyika, allowing the transit of cargo and passengers to and from DRC. (President's Office Regional Administration and Local Government – Kigoma Region, 2012)

Wikipedia Country Information Website of Wikipedia on Tanzania

IMF Country Information Website of the IMF on Tanzania

Economist Intelligence Unit Website of the Economist on Tanzania

Humanitarian Info

World Food Programme Website of the WFP on Tanzania

Facts and Figures

Wolfram Alpha Website of Wolframalpha on Tanzania

World Bank Website of the Worldbank on Tanzania

Population Information: Website of the Worldpopulationreview

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