1 Kyrgyzstan Country Profile


Kyrgyz Republic (official country name since 2011, formerly - Kyrgyzstan) is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The Tian Shan mountain range makes up 80% of the nation and mountains, glaciers, alpine lakes and deep valleys dominate the landscape. 94% of the country is 1,000 m above sea level, with an average elevation of 2,750 m.

The global 2019 Human Development Report ranks Kyrgyzstan 122nd, with a Human Development Index rating of 0.674.

Kyrgyzstan is predominantly an agrarian society with one third of its GDP derived from agricultural products. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, and electric power, but import growth rates significantly outpace export growth rates. Mainly export electricity.

The Kyrgyz Republic is a low-income food deficit country that is highly susceptible to both external and internal shocks which impact heavily on the most vulnerable, food insecure households. After a period of impressive economic growth, the negative impact of the global financial crisis, along with recurrent political crises, social unrest, ethnic violence, Government budget financing shortfalls, and food price volatility, has increased the need to establish efficient and effective social safety nets.

The Kyrgyz Republic has been a full member of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) since August 2015. The immediate outcome was an increase in imports, but this has not been matched by an increase in exports. Economic growth is evident mainly in urban areas, driven by the expanding service, housing and construction sectors.

During the first half of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused serious socioeconomic impacts across the country through simultaneous shocks – namely great reductions in domestic and external demand, trade, and a fall in consumer and investor confidence; disruption of production; and the tightening of financial conditions.

Inflation (CPI) is projected to be about 10.6 percent (2020). World Bank simulations reveal that inflation is the major factor that affects poverty rate.

Basic Facts

Source / Year:



Population 1,012,500 (2019 est)


Official languages Kyrgyz and Russian  (1999 census)

Ethnic groups

Kyrgyz 73.3%, Uzbek 14.6%, Russian 5.6%, Dungan 1.1%, other 5.4% (includes Uyghur, Tajik, Turk, Kazakh, Tatar, Ukrainian, Korean, German) (2019 est.)  

2015 CIA World Factbook


75% - Muslim; 20% - Russian Orthodox; 5% - other

2015 CIA World Factbook 

Country size (comparison)

About half of the size of Sweden  (2012)

Population density (map)

26 per km²

Border countries

China 1,063 km, Kazakhstan 1,212 km, Tajikistan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1,314 km. Total: 4,573 km.

2015 CIA World Factbook


Cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, , hydropower; machinery; shoes, garments

2015 CIA World Factbook


Oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

2015 CIA World Factbook

Agricultural products

Tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool

2015 CIA World Factbook

Generic Information

Find the country in the generic links below:

Wikipedia Country Information

IMF Country Information

Economist Intelligence Unit

Humanitarian Info

World Food Programme

Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

Facts and Figures

Wolfram Alpha:

World Bank:

Population Information:

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