Kiribati, officially known as the Republic of Kiribati, is a country in the central Pacific Ocean. The permanent population is just over 110,000 (2015), more than half of who live on Tarawa Atoll.
The Republic of Kiribati is made up of three main island groups: The Gilbert, Phoenix and Line Islands and one isolated raised limestone island, Banaba (Ocean Island). The groups of islands contain 33 scattered atoll islands, dispersed over 3.5 million square kilometres in the central Pacific Ocean. The three main island groups stretch over 800 kilometres from north to south and over 3,210 kilometres from east to west. Their spread straddles both the equator and the 180th meridian. The capital and now most populated area, South Tarawa, consists of a number of islets, connected by a series of causeways. These comprise about half the area of Tarawa Atoll.
Kiribati became independent from the United Kingdom in 1979. Kiribati is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the IMF and the World Bank and became a full member of the United Nations in 1999.
The public sector dominates Kiribati’s economy. It provides two-thirds of all formal sector employment and accounts for almost 50% of gross domestic product. Kiribati is highly exposed to external economic shocks, particularly surges in food and fuel commodity prices, due to its limited revenue base and high dependency on imports.
Kiribati is categorised by the United Nations as both a ‘Small Island Developing State’ and a ‘Least Developed Country’.
Generic country information can be located from sources, which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a generic country overview, please consult the following sources:
Kiribati Wikipedia Country Information https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiribati
Kiribati IMF Country Information http://www.imf.org/en/Countries/KIR
Kiribati Economist Intelligence Unit Information* NO EIU REPORT FOR KIRIBATI
(*note - this is a paid service)
Kiribati World Food Programme Information NO WFP INFORMATION FOR KIRIBATI
Kiribati UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Information http://www.unocha.org/country/pacific/country-profiles/kiribati
Facts and Figures
Kiribati Wolfram Alpha Information http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=kiribati
Kiribati World Bank Information https://data.worldbank.org/country/kiribati
Kiribati Population Information http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/kiribati-population/