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Pakistan Road Network

  

For information on road contact details, please see the following link:

4.2.1 Pakistan Government Contact List

(Sources: Pakistan Transport Plan Study, 2006; Pak Econ Survey, 2010; National Transport Research Center– Deputy Chief of NTRC)

Road is the dominant mode of inland traffic in Pakistan and carries 91% of passenger traffic and 96% of freight traffic (Source: NHA) . Current road density in Pakistan is 0.32km/km-sq. Pakistan’s road network is vital for the movement of people and goods and plays an important role in integrating the country, facilitating economic growth and reducing poverty. Pakistan has a road network covering 259,618 kilometres including 179,290 KM of high type roads and 80,328 KM of low type roads. Total roads, which were 229,595 KM in 1996‐97, increased to 259,618 KM by 2009‐10 (Jul‐Mar) an increase of 13 percent. A sizable and continuous improvement of the high type road network was observed from 1996‐97 to 2009‐10 (Jul‐Mar). (Pak Econ Survey,2010)

The distance between Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan in the north-east of the country, and Karachi, the provincial capital of Sindh having two important international ports, is about 1, 200 km (PTPS, 2006). This forms the main transport corridor of Pakistan, with the bulk of freight transport passing through it.About 60% of the road network in Pakistan consists of paved roads.

National Highways:

The National Highways of Pakistan consists of all public highways maintained by National Highways Authority under the Ministry of Transport. It maintains over 12,000 kilometres (7,500 mi) of roadways organised into various classifications which crisscross the country and provide access to major population centres. These are not to be confused with provincial highways, which are provincial roads maintained by the respective provinces. Pakistan's national highways include the famous Grand Trunk Road, Indus Highway, Karakoram Highway and Makran Coastal Highway.

All national highways in Pakistan are pre-fixed with the letter 'N' (for "National") followed by the unique numerical designation of the specific highway (with a hyphen in the middle), e.g. "N-5". Each numerical designation is separated by five numerals, i.e. N-5, N-10, N-15, etc.

National Highways are distinct from 'Strategic Highways', which begin with the prefix 'S' and are owned, controlled and operated by the Ministry of Defense.

National Highways

Sign

Course

Length

Existing

Status

Lanes

Completion

KarachiTorkham

1819 km

1819 km

via Hyderabad, Multan, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Peshawar

6

1952

KarachiGwadar (Makran Coastal Highway)

653 km

653 km

via Omara, Pasni

2

2003

MansehraChilas

240 km

240 km

via Naran

2

 

KarachiChaman (RCD Highway)

813 km

813 km

via Bela, Khuzdar, Kalat, Quetta

2

 

BasimaKhuzdar

110 km

110 km

 

2

 

Hasan AbdalKhunjerab Pass

806 km

806 km

via Abbottabad, Thakot, Gilgit becoming China National Highway 314

4

 

QuettaTaftan

610 km

610 km

via Naukundi becoming Road 84 in Iran

2

 

NowsheraChitral

309 km

309 km

via Dir

2

 

KuchlackDera Ismail Khan

531 km

531 km

via Zhob

2

 

KarachiPeshawar

1264 km

1264 km

via Kotri, Shikarpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kohat

4 (6)

 

QuettaSukkar

385 km

385 km

via Sibi

2

 

QilaSaifullahMultan

447 km

447 km

via Loralai, Dera Ghazi Khan

2

 

IslamabadKohala

90 km

90 km

via Murree

4

 

Islamabad – Kohat

146 km

146 km

 

2

 

HushabSurab

487 km

487 km

 

2

 

KhwazakhelaBesham

64 km

64 km

via Alpuri

2

 

ChakdaraKalam

135 km

135 km

via Mingora, Madyan, Bahrain

2

 

N-105 National Highway

LarkanaNauderoLakhi

61 km

61 km

 

2

 

N-110 National Highway

GharoKetiBunder

90 km

90 km

 

2

 

N-120 National Highway

HyderabadKhorkhrapar

220 km

220 km

via Mirpur Khas, Umerkot

2

 

N-125 National Highway

TaxilaHaripur

44 km

44 km

via Khanpur

2

 

N-155 National Highway

Larkana - MoenjoDaro

28 km

28 km

 

2

 

N-255 National Highway

Larkana - Nasirabad

34 km

34 km

 

2

 

N-305 National Highway

Sakrand - Nawabshah

35 km

35 km

 

2

 

N-455 National Highway

Larkana - Shahdadkot

50 km

50 km

 

2

 
 

Ratodero - Naudero

18 km

18 km

 

2

 

 

Total

12131 km

12131 km

 

 

 

Distance Matrix

Distance From City

Distance To City

Distance (km)

Karachi (Sindh) Between

Lahore (Punjab)Distance

1030.38

Faisalabad (Punjab)Between

Rawalpindi (Punjab)Distance

242.77

Multan (Punjab)Between

Hyderabad (Sindh)Distance

617.81

Gujranwala (Punjab)Between

Peshawar (North-West Frontier)Distance

319.04

Quetta (Balochistan)Between

Islamabad (Islamabad)Distance

685.82

Bahawalpur (Punjab)Between

Sargodha (Punjab)Distance

312.96

Sialkot (Punjab)Between

Sukkur (Sindh)Distance

761.47

Larkana (Sindh)Between

Shekhupura (Punjab)Distance

723.89

Jhang Sadr (Punjab)Between

Gujrat (Punjab)Distance

220.45

Mardan (North-West Frontier)Between

Kasur (Punjab)Distance

409.85

Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjab)

Sahiwal (Punjab)Distance

246.09

Nawabshah (Sindh)Between

Mingaora (North-West Frontier)

1020.27

Okara (Punjab)Between

Mirpur Khas (Sindh)Distance

730.48

Chiniot (Punjab)Between

Kamoke (Punjab)Distance

121

Sadiqabad (Punjab)Between

Burewala (Punjab)Distance

320.46

Jacobabad (Sindh)Between

Muzaffargarh (Punjab)Distance

333.58

Muridke (Punjab)Between

Jhelum (Punjab)Distance

135.17

Shikarpur (Sindh)Between

Hafizabad (Punjab)Distance

667.61

Kohat (North-West Frontier)

Khanpur (Punjab)Distance

554.09

Khuzdar (Balochistan)Between

Dadu (Sindh)Distance

165.41

Gojra (Punjab)Between

MandiBahauddin (Punjab)Distance

177.05

TandoAllahyar (Sindh)Between

Daska (Punjab)Distance

939.62

Pakpattan (Punjab)Between

Bahawalnagar (Punjab)Distance

42.74

Tando Adam (Sindh)Between

Khairpur (Sindh)Distance

196.69

ChishtianMandi (Punjab)Between

Jaranwala (Punjab)Distance

178.91

Distance From City

Distance To City

Distance (km)

Ahmadpur East (Punjab)Between

Vihari (Punjab)Distance

143.59

Kamalia (Punjab)Between

KotAddu (Punjab)Distance

163.95

Khushab (Punjab)Between

Wazirabad (Punjab)Distance

166.54

Dera Ismail Khan (North-West Frontier)Between

Chakwal (Punjab)Distance

221.33

Swabi (North-West Frontier)

Lodhran (Punjab)Distance

516.1

Nowshera Cantonment (North-West Frontier)Between

Charsadda (North-West Frontier)Distance

30.76

Jalalpur (Punjab)Between

Mianwali (Punjab)Distance

248.26

Chaman (Balochistan)Between

Kandhkot (Sindh)Distance

397.97

Hasilpur (Punjab)Between

Arifwala (Punjab)Distance

80.36

Attock City (Punjab)Between

Chichawatni (Punjab)Distance

361.48

Bhakkar (Punjab)Between

Kharian (Punjab)Distance

294.39

Leiah (Punjab)Between

Kambar (Sindh)Distance

470.11

Moro (Sindh)Between

MianChannun (Punjab)Distance

598.9

Turbat (Balochistan)Between

Shahdadkot (Sindh)Distance

522.73

Bhalwal (Punjab)Between

Dipalpur (Punjab)Distance

191.48

Badin (Sindh)Between

PanoAqil (Sindh)Distance

356.93

Kotri (Sindh)Between

Tando Muhammad Khan Distance(Sindh)

34.98

Harunabad (Punjab)Between

Pattoki (Punjab)Distance

170.31

KahrorPakka (Punjab)Between

Gujar Khan (Punjab)Distance

427

Kot Malik (Balochistan)Between

Chuhar Kana (Punjab)Distance

671.01

Toba Tek Singh (Punjab)Between

Narowal (Punjab)Distance

260.01

Shorko (North-West Frontier)

Shahdadpur (Sindh)Distance

700

Shabqadar (North-West Frontier)

Mansehra (North-West Frontier)Distance

151.69

Shujaabad (Punjab)Between

Haveli (Punjab)Distance

239.16

Lala Musa (Punjab)Between

Mailsi (Punjab)Distance

364.58

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km)

 

Islamabad

Karachi

Lahore

Peshawar

Quetta

Multan

Mingora

Gwadar

Islamabad

 

1350

300

180

800

480

170

1600

Karachi

1350

 

1030

1300

700

850

1450

550

Lahore

300

1030

 

450

860

370

480

1600

Peshawar

180

1300

450

 

700

700

140

1550

Quetta

800

700

860

700

 

500

850

850

Multan

480

850

370

700

500

 

620

1250

Mingora

170

1450

480

140

850

620

 

1700

Gwadar

1600

550

1600

1550

850

1250

1700

 

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

Weighbridges

NHA has 54 weigh stations to enforce axle load limits. Currently the fine for overloading is about Rs. 100 per ton, but there are many problems with enforcing these fines due to the weigh stations being located in remote areas in many cases.

Operators and drivers often negotiate these fines in case of large amounts of overloading. Another issue is that there is often limited space for unloading at the weigh station, as well as limited parking space for overloaded trucks.

Follow below link for a listing of weighbridges in the country:

http://www.phonebook.com.pk/dynamic/search.aspx?SearchType=kl&k=Weighbridge&l=Pakistan

Axle Load Limits

The National Highways Safety Ordinance 2000 stipulates maximum axle loads and tyre pressures:

  • Front axle – 5 tonnes
  • Single axle – 12 tonnes
  • Tandem axle – 22 tonnes
  • Tridem axle – 33 tonnes
  • Tyre pressure rear axle 120 psi
  • Tyre pressure – front axle 100 psi

Some concessions were allowed on National Highways through agreement with the NHA, but none on the motorway.

Truck Type

Allowed on National Highways

Allowed on Motorways

2 AX SINGLE (BEDFORD)

20

17.5

2 AX SINGLE (HINO/ NISSAN)

23

17.5

3 AX TANDEM

32

27.5

3 AX SINGLE

32

29.5

4 AX SINGLE TANDEM

42

39.5

4 AX TANDEM SINGLE

42

39.5

4 AX SINGLE

44

41.5

5 AX SINGLE TRIDEM

51

48.5

5 AX TANDEM TANDEM

52

49.5

5 AX SINGLE SINGLE TANDEM

54

51.5

5 AX TANDEM SINGLE SINGLE

54

51.5

6 AX TANDEM TRIDEM

61

58.5

6 AX TANDEM SINGLE TANDEM

64

61.5

Road Class and Surface Conditions

ROAD LENGTH AND DENSITY TABLE (Source: NTRC, 2006)

 

Pakistan

Punjab

Sindh

KPK

Balochistan

Total Road Length (km)

258, 214

106. 140

79, 834

30, 049

42, 191

%age of paved road

63%

78%

69%

46%

13%

Area (km2 )

796,095

206,250

140,914

101,741

347,190

Road Density (km/km2)

0.32

0.51

0.57

0.30

0.12

Population (million)

148.72

85.33

32.99

23.26

7.14

Road Length per

Mil. People (km)

1,736

1,244

2,420

1,292

5,909

Number of Registered Vehicles

4,974,000

2,920,984

1,457,323

430,429

165,264

Road Length per 1,000 Vehicles

52

36

55

70

255

ADMINISTRATIVE CLASSIFICATION OF ROADS – (Source: NTRC, 2006)

Classification

Administration

Length

Function

National Highway, Motorways, Strategic Roads.

National Highway Authority (NHA), Ministry of Communications

9, 000 km

Representing the main transport corridors and providing inter-provincial linkages and connections to the neighboring countries

Provincial Roads

Communications and Works Department (C&WD);

Works and Services Department ( WSD), and;

Frontier Highway Authority (FHA)

101, 000km

Providing access to the economic and population centres in the four provinces

District Roads

District Government

94,000km

Providing access to villages and remote areas

Municipal and Cantonment Roads

Municipal Government and army

54,000km

Providing access to villages and remote areas.

There are 14 National Highways (8,600 km), 5 Motorways (767 km), and two Strategic Roads (270km) in Pakistan as listed in the tableabove.

N5 is the longest and most important National Highway. N-55 is the second longest National Highway. N-25 is an important international and national highway connecting Karachi with Quetta and Chaman on the Afghanistan border.

There are many topographical obstacles on the National Highways. For example, the Kohat tunnel has only 2 lanes despite the importance of N-55. N-70 has a very dangerous mountainous section between D.G.Khan and Fort Munro, where on a winding section, rocks stick out over the road, and slopes are very steep.

The Khushalgarh Bridge over the River Indus on N-80 is old and narrow. This bridge crosses its access roads at right angles, disallowing container trucks to pass over it. The Lowari Rail Tunnel Project is underway to overcome such topographical obstacles on N-45. The Malakand Tunnel (N-45) and the Lakpass Tunnel ( N-25) are also planned to improve road transport. Many new bridges over the River Indus and other big rivers are proposed.

The major function of National Highways is to carry inter-provincial traffic or long distance traffic along national corridors, connecting the major cities. Accordingly, National Highways have many congested cities as bottlenecks along their routes. Many bypasses have been constructed in major cities for National Highways to avoid congestion. However, soon after opening a bypass for a city, the city begins to grow along the bypass, and the growth continues until the bypass soon ceases to function properly. This is where more controlled access to national highways could alleviate the situation.

NHA plans to develop a network of full access controlled Motorways as a new economic corridor to provide fast transportation of goods and passengers. The total length of the planned Motorway network is 2,734 km.

Issues: Overloading by trucks is a typical phenomenon in the transport sector in Pakistan. It is common for 2-axle trucks, having a high vertical limit on the rear, carry heavy loads to the extent of the dimensional limit instead of the tonnage limit. Overloading causes severe road maintenance issues due to the weight over the capacity of the pavement, as well as unwanted road accidents.

International corridors

For information on Pakistan international corridors, please see the following document:

Pakistan International Corridors Leading to the Country