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PLEASE NOTE: This assessment was carried out in 2009. Information will be updated as soon as possible. 


Central African Republic Road Network

The roads network in the Central African Republic covers a total distance of about 24,000 km with only 700 km asphalted. The national roads are about 4,500 km road while the regional roads cover about 3,900 km. The remaining 15,268 km (more than 60%) represents tracks or rural roads across villages.
The whole network is rather in bad shape since no proper rehabilitation or maintenance programme are in place. Throughout the country many villages are not reachable and almost cut off year round (the Vakaga region in the north-eastern part of the country). This constitutes a major constraint to the development of these areas.


Rain barriers
There is no specific restriction about road traffic during the rainy season as it is the case in some neighbouring countries, where several unpaved roads are close. Rather, rain barriers are established across the country in order to avoid further deterioration of the dirt roads. Heavy trucks should therefore wait after the end of the rains (about six hours) before continuing their journey. This restriction applies particularly/strictly on newly rehabilitated roads.

For information on Central African Republic Road Network Contact details, please see the following link:

4.2.1 Central African Republic Government Contact List

Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km)

 

Bangui

Birao

Ndélé

Bossangoa / Bemal 

Bouar/Garoua Boulaï

Bangui

 

1,112

677

305

600

 Birao

1,112

 

-

-

-

Ndélé

677

-

 

-

-

Bossangoa / Bemal

305

-

-

 

-

Bouar/Garoua Boulaï

600

-

-

-

 

Travel Time Matrix

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (km)

 

Bangui

Birao

Ndélé

Bossangoa / Bemal 

Bouar/Garoua Boulaï

Bangui

 

8 days

4 days

2 days

4 days

 Birao

8 days

 

-

-

-

Ndélé

4 days

-

 

-

-

Bossangoa / Bemal

2 days

-

-

 

-

Bouar/Garoua Boulaï

4 days

-

-

-

 

Road Security

Road from Bangui to Birao (Bad security)

  • Besides the worst condition of the road, security is another constraint related to this corridor. Rebels, road blockers (coupeurs de route) and poachers sometimes force WFP trucks to stop and in some cases, the cargo is looted. It should be mentioned that the security level in the Vakaga region is at phase IV, which explained the presence there of MINURCAT forces. In the other stretches of this road, the security is at phase II.
  • Concerning road security, wooden bridges should be upgraded in order to secure the river-crossing. Trails are very narrow in some areas and overgrow with high grass, bush and small trees. Drivers are therefore advised to be cautious.

Road from Bangui to Ndélé (Bad security)

  • After the town of Ndélé, the road continues up to the border with southern Chad. The phenomenon of road blockers (coupeurs de route) is reported in this area, as well as rebels. The security level is at phase II along this road.

Road from Bangui to Bossangoa / Bemal (Bad security)

  • There is no major threat for vehicles on this road, though it could become slippery during the rainy season. The phenomenon of highway banditry is also reported on this stretch. The security level is at phase II along this road.

Road from Bangui to Bouar/Garoua Boulaï (Good security)

  • The road could be slippery between Baoro and Garoua-Boulaï during the rainy season. The security level along the road is at phase II.

Road Class and Surface Conditions

The network of primary roads in the Central African Republic is hereafter summarized.
Bangui – Sibut – Bambari – Bria – Birao (RN 2 & 5)
Bangui – Sibut – Kaga Bandoro – Ndele (RN 2 & 8)
Bangui – Bossangoa – Bemal – (Chad) (RN 1)
Bangui – Bouar – Beloko – Garoua Boulai (Cameroon) (RN 1& 3)
Bambari – Bangassou – Obo (RN 2)
Baoro – Carnot – Berberati – Nola/Salo (RN 3 &11)

A non exhaustive list of main bridges in the Central African Republic is available at Section 10.6 below. However, the number of bridges is insufficient as demonstrated by the number of ferries in the country.

According to the Ministry of roads, there are 52 ferries in the Central African Republic, about 70% of them being off-service.

The rehabilitation and maintenance of the road network in the country is the responsibility of the Central African Road Fund (Fonds Routier Centrafricain). But, with a government annual subsidy estimated at 2.5 billions cfa francs, the Road Fund has limited capacity and can not maintain more than one or two roads during the year. It should be mentioned that the management of ferries is also done by the Road Fund.
Since the capacity of the Central African Government to maintain roads across the country is limited, some NGOs, such as ACTED and Première Urgence are active in this sector. For instance, ACTED rehabilitated in 2008 the road stretch on the National Road N° 8, including the construction or maintenance of 12 bridges. As for Première Urgence, this NGO recently upgraded about 32 km of road, including 10 bridges between Paoua and Ngaoundaye.

For information on Central African Republic Road Network Additional information, please see the following documents:

CAR Road Corridor Assessment

CAR Bridges Information

CAR Bridges Information 2

CAR Primary Road Network

CAR Overland Entry Points