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Pakistan Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

 

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

2006& 2013

Earthquakes

Yes

2005 Muzafarabad and KPA magnitude 7.6 loss of life 88,710+ people died.

2013 Awaran Balochistan Magnitude 7.8 loss of  life 328 people died

Epidemics

n/a

n/a

Extreme Temperatures

n/a

n/a

Insect Infestation

n/a

n/a

Mudslides

Yes

Hunza Nagar 2010 (Gilgit Baltistan),

Volcanic Eruptions

n/a

n/a

High Waves / Surges

n/a

n/a

Wildfires

n/a

n/a

High Winds

n/a

n/a

Other Comments

n/a

 n/a

Man-Made Issues

   

Civil Strife

Yes

War with India in 1965 ,1971 and (1999)

(kargil conflict in kashmir)

International Conflict

Yes

2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

Internally Displaced Persons

Yes

2009,2013 and 2014

Refugees Present

Yes

Afghan Refugees in 1978

Landmines / UXO Present

Yes

FATA (North and south Waziristan),

Other Comments

n/a

  n/a

Flooding

Yes

20 major floods; in 1950,1956, 1957, 1959,1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1983,  1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1995, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2014.

Total area affected 599,459 square kilometers.11,239 precious human lives lost. Rs39 billion loss to national economy (excluding 2014 floods}..

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

EMDAT Website information on Pakistan

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Affects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

Eid Holidays, Muharram, Ashura

July - Sept

Secondary Road Transport

Harvest Season of (Wheat, Cotton& Sugar Cane)

Apr – Jun-Sep-Dec

Rail Transport

No effect

n/a

Air Transport

Hajj

Mid Sep – Mid Nov

Waterway Transport

No effect

n/a

 

Seasonal effects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate...)

Activity

Comments

From <months> to <months>

Storge

n/a

n/a

Handling

n/a

n/a

Other

n/a

n/a

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority) is the federal government body to respond to emergencies when officially declared. All Humanitarian efforts are coordinated through NDMA with GoP and PDMA (Provincial Disaster Management Authority) at provincial levels.

For information on Pakistan Government contact details, please see the following link:

4.2.1 Pakistan Government Contact List