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Chad Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details


YesDuring the dry season, and particularly in April, May and June, droughts are common, mainly in the northern half of the country.





Extreme Temperatures



YesDuring the rainy season from June to September, floods and flash floods (so called ouaddis) are the main natural calamities.

Insect Infestation




Volcanic Eruptions


High Waves / Surges




High Winds

YesEastern Chad. Can be violent and create some damages.

Other Comments

Water pollution in the long term: Inadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife


International Conflict


Internally Displaced Persons


Refugees Present


Landmines / UXO Present


Other Comments


For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

EMDAT information on Chad

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Affects on Transport



From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

Most of the roads outside N’Djamena are unpaved and in poor conditions all over the year. During the rainy season, roads to and in eastern Chad are completely interrupted. Roads in southern Chad are partly interruptedJun - Sept

Secondary Road Transport

Most of the roads outside N’Djamena are unpaved and in poor conditions all over the year. During the rainy season, roads to and in eastern Chad are partially interrupted. Roads in southern Chad are partly interrupted.Jun - Sept

Rail Transport


Air Transport

During rainy season, some flights can be cancelled but rarely. Some secondary airports can not be used during rainy season.Jun - Sept

Waterway Transport

Chari and Logone navigable only in the wet season. Not used for commercial navigation anyway.Jun - Sept

Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate…)



From <month> to <month>


Heavy rains in rainy season in southern and eastern Chad represent a potential damage risk for Rubbhalls (most of warehouses used). Storage capacity needs to be adjusted according to pre-positioning (food mainly).

In the Saharan zone, during the period of Harmattan, a dust-laden wind that reduces visibility for days at a time.

Jun - Sept


Nov - Mar







Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response


Chadian government has created several commissions in charge of specific matters in order to assess, mobilize and coordinate in case of major disaster.

1. Civil Protection Department:
Depending on Ministry of Interior and security, was created at the end of 2003. Its mission is to prevent disaster for human or natural reasons.
Due to a lack of funding, this service is not yet fully operational. Duties are:

  • To determinate status of victims of disaster and crisis
  • To register victims of disaster and crisis
  • To determine different kinds of assistance and relief for victims
  • To protect persons and possessions in case of disaster and crisis
  • To inform population on dangers, risks, and disaster prevention.
  • To set up civil security regulation
  • To organize first aid training
  • To coordinate actions by civil protection actors (state department, National / International NGO)

Civil Protection Brigade (exact name not fixed yet) should be operational in 2009, financed by government and also by donors or partners.
Member of OIPC (Organisation Internationale de Protection Civile), based in Geneva. No financial support but can provide training for personnel and specific technical training.

2. CONASI (Comite National d’Assistance aux Sinistres d’Inondations) :
Depending on Ministry of Interior and Security (same director than Civil Protection Dept). In charge to determinate how to help victims of flood, through collect of means (donation…), awareness of embassies, NGOs and private operators to obtain contributions.

3. CNARR (Comite National D’accueil et de Reinsertion des Refugies) :
Depending on the Ministry of Interior and Security. Works on periodicals meetings with OCHA and others agencies or NGOs. Its tasks are:

  • To assess and to offer measures to increase refugees, displaced and repatriated people’s living conditions
  • To make public aware of refugees and displaced people’s life
  • To encourage, facilitate and organise hosting of refugees and Chadian people coming back in Chad. Must collaborate with UNHCR for security and dignity conditions.
  • To provide assistance according to financial capacities (using national or international organizations if needed).
  • To check and reply to the political asylum requests coming from refugees according to Geneva Convention July 28th 1951.

4. Direction Protection des Vegetaux et du Conditionnement :
Depending on Ministry of Agriculture. In charge in case of invasion of insects or if agricultural disaster occurs.

5. CASAGC (Comite d’Action pour la Securite Alimentaire et la Gestion des Crises) :

  • Under the lead of the Ministry of Agriculture. The coordination is done by the CASAGC, a weekly reunion with UN agencies, donors, NGOs and the government. Ministry of solidarity manages the gov funds to buy food and none food items for IDPs, chadian gov has a fund for IDPs and gets funds from donors. Also coordination with UNHCR and WFP.
  • Current support by the Chadian government: camp security (made by the chadian gendarmerie) & escort by gendarmerie also (in low security areas)
  • More involvement from the Chadian government can be expected in case of major emergency, with involvement of the Chadian military or civil defense. Through CASAGC.
  • In all regions of Chad, CASAGC is represented and lead par le gouvernor / prefet or sous prefet and able to react in case of catastrophe.
  • CASAGC is organizer of coordination in case of crises aigue.

6. Commissariat National au Deminage :
Depending on Ministry of Plan. In charge to determine risk areas and to clear areas.

7. Comite National charge de l’Assistance aux personnes deplacees. Depending on Ministry of Interior.

8. CONAFIT (Coordination Nationale d’Appui a la Force Internationale du Tchad)

A Special Representative of the Chadian President has been designated as the only interlocutor between Chadian government and EUFOR / MINURCAT.
All commissions should have periodical meetings starting in 2009. Government, partners and civil society should participate.

Chadian government has some funds in case of major disasters but with limited capacity anyway. Army can be mobilised to provide support to relief operations.
Civil Protection Brigade (exact name not fixed yet) should be operational in 2009, financed by government and also by donors or partners.

For information on Chad Government contact details, please see the following link: 

4.2.1 Chad Government Contact List

Humanitarian Community

For information on Chad Humanitarian Agency contact details, please see the following link: 

4.2.2 Chad Humanitarian Agency Contact List

Coordination meetings

In Ndjaména:

  • UNCT: United Nations Coordination Team. With all UN agencies representatives, chaired by the Resident Coordinator. Every week
  • IASC: This is the HCT forum. With representatives of UN agencies, NGOs and Red Cross. Every month.
  • Coordination meeting: Chaired by OCHA. Every 3 weeks

In Abéché:

  • Coordination Meeting, every 2 weeks, chaired by OCHA
  • Each Cluster has a monthly meeting + ad hoc meetings. Logistics cluster meeting held twice a month.